Because military aviation was so new, pilots and engineers had to learn from experience. That led to the development of many specialized types of planes including bombers, fighters, and even planes made specifically to strafe trenches.
In addition to the development of aircraft, military forces also adapted to air forces. High-ranking officers for the first time were assigned to direct war efforts.
Aces were mostly fighter pilots. They were portrayed in the media of the day as modern knights and many became very popular heroes in their home countries.
Here are some of the most notable flying aces from the “Great War.”